If you're curious about Costa Rica, this post will help. In this huge guide, you'll learn 79 facts about Costa Rica, including food, attractions, political structure, population, cities, and much more.
Thinking of visiting Costa Rica? Maybe retiring there? You'll need to get familiar with this lovely paradise before you go. We've put together 79 facts about Costa Rica to help introduce you to one of our favorite places in the world. These Costa Rica facts will get you started and hopefully help you have the best time you can while you're there.
Basic Facts About Costa Rica
1. What is Costa Rica’s Official Name?
Costa Rica is known to the international community as the “República de Costa Rica” or the Republic of Costa Rica. What does Costa Rica mean? Costa Rica is Spanish meaning “rich coast”.
2. What is Costa Rica’s Population?
Costa Rica has just over 4.9 million people with a slow but steady population increase.
3. Where is Costa Rica located?
Costa Rica is located in Central America on a small isthmus between Nicaragua (to the north) and Panama (to the South). Technically, it’s in North America although its culture is decidedly closer to South America.
4. What time is it in Costa Rica?
Costa Rica is in Central Standard Time (GMT-6), the same as Chicago. There is no daylight savings time there.
5. When does the sun set in Costa Rica?
In the winter, sunsets happen between 5:45 and 6:00 p.m. typically. As the summer comes, that natural day is lengthened, but because there’s no daylight savings time, there is less variation.
6. What are citizens of Costa Rica known as?
Citizens are known as Costa Ricans. Sometimes they call themselves “Ticos” after a tendency to add the suffix “tico” after many words (an affectionate way to call something cute or small). Women are “Ticas.”
7. What is the capital of Costa Rica?
The capital of Costa Rica is San Jose, a historic city that’s Costa Rica’s most populous.
8. What is the life expectancy in Costa Rica?
People have an average life expectancy of nearly 80 (79.83) years in this country. Must be the “pura vida.” Guanacaste is one of the five blue zones in the world which contributes to the high life expectancy
9. What religions are in Costa Rica?
The state religion is Catholicism, but the country has established religious freedom for all. There are a variety of Christian denominations popular in the country, and three percent belong to other religious traditions altogether.
10. Common misspellings of Costa Rica
It’s not nearly as common to see a misspelling of this country as it is some others, but you may see Cosda Rica every now and again. And you might also see it written incorrectly as one word: Costarica.
11. How to Pronounce Costa Rica
Facts about Costa Rica Travel
12. How's the weather in Costa Rica?
The weather in Costa Rica is lovely with plenty of sun and a warm temperature mostly year round. There are rainy times, and during big hurricane seasons, the weather can be unpredictable.
13. What is the best time to visit Costa Rica?
Mid-December to April is a great time to make a visit here. It’s the dry season, but the weather is still warm enough to take advantage of the long stretches of beach.
Unfortunately, this is also the peak tourist season. If you don’t mind a little rain, you can go during the off-season and have fewer crowds.
14. What is Costa Rica’s currency?
The national currency is the colón (₡), but they also take dollars in many of the tourists' districts. The exchange rate is highly favorable for those of you carrying dollars.
15. Do I need a power adapter when I visit Costa Rica?
Costa Rica uses the same power current as the United States, so if you’re from that country, you’re good to go.
16. What plugs are used in Costa Rica?
If you’re from the USA, you probably won’t need a plug adaptor either. Most plugs are two-pronged like older plugs in the US. If you have something with a three prong that’s important to you, you may need a single plug for that.
17. What are Costa Rica’s international airports?
There are two international airports.
Juan Santamaría Airport (SJO) in Alajuela, near San Jose,
Daniel Oduber Airport (LIR) in Liberia. Services the northwest region of Costa Rica.
18. What languages are spoken in Costa Rica?
Costa Rica’s official language is Spanish.
There are a variety of indigenous languages in the country as well as an older form of English in some districts. Overall, most people speak Spanish, and all official business is conducted in Spanish.
19. How many tourists visit Costa Rica every year?
The country is very popular with tourists, seeing 2,665,000 visitors (2015). Costa Rica is the most visited country in Central America, with 26.4% of all visitors. Tourism is heavily weighted during the peak dry season.
20. What are Costa Rica’s most famous landmarks?
Although the entire country is full of beauty, there are a few must-see attractions if you spend any time here:
Monteverde Cloud Forest: Beautiful nature walks with trails and hanging bridges, but bring warmer clothes for the elevation.
Arenal Volcano: This live volcano offers scenic views and good hiking.
Coffee Tours: Visit the site where your favorite beverage gets its start.
Dominical: Backpacking never looked so good with sand trails, beaches, and lots of atmosphere.
Pre-Columbian Gold Museum: History buffs will appreciate this collection of treasure plus some art.
Manuel Antonio National Park: The premier outdoor destination for anyone in Costa Rica.
21. Is Costa Rica a safe place to visit?
Costa Rica is a very safe country with a lot of money and time spent making sure tourists return each year. Be smart about your things and pay attention to your surroundings just like you would in any country, but overall Costa Rica is very safe.
22. What are Costa Rica’s 10 best beaches?
It’s hard to narrow down beaches here, but our top picks are:
Manuel Antonio Beach
Tamarindo Beach, Guanacaste
Conchal Beach, Guanacaste
Flamingo Beach, Guanacaste
Nacascolo Beach, Papagayo Peninsula (ultra exclusive)
Dominical Beach, South Pacific
Montezuma Beach, Nicoya Peninsula
Samara Beach, Nicoya Peninsula (great for families!)
San Juanillo Beach, Nicoya Peninsula
Manzanillo Beach, Southern Caribbean Coast
23. What are the most famous events in Costa Rica?
There are a lot of events in this country known for tourism and Pure Life mentalities.
Here are some of the most popular events – you might want to plan around these. If you aren't interested to see them – they can make travel more difficult. There will be more tourists and it will be harder to find hotels and transport.
Saint Days of Santa Cruz, January 15 week
Dia de San Isidro Labrador, March 15 week
International Festival of the Arts, March 15 week
Semana Santa, varies
The Day of the Blessed Virgin of Los Angeles, August 2nd
Limon Carnival, October
Light Festival of San Jose, second Saturday of December
Geography of Costa Rica
24. How large is Costa Rica?
Costa Rica comprises 19,730 square miles (51,100 sq. km) of land along the isthmus of Central America.
25. What World Heritage sites are in Costa Rica?
Four World Heritage sites are located in the country, including 3 natural and 1 cultural.
The Area de Conservacion Guanacaste
Cocos Island National Park
Pre Columbian Chiefdom Settlements
La Amistad National Park
26. What is Costa Rica’s largest city?
San Jose, the capital, is by far the largest city with a population of 339,581 (2017). It also sees the most tourists each year.
27. What are Costa Rica’s major cities?
After San Jose, Puerto Limon has the distinction of both size and culture. Most other cities in Costa Rica revolve around the tourism placements of outdoor spots.
San Jose (335,007)
Puerto Limon (63,081)
San Francisco (55,923)
28. How many provinces in Costa Rica?
Costa Rica is divided into seven provinces.
Most share the same name as their capital city.
29. What is the highest elevation in Costa Rica?
Mount Chirripo has the highest elevation at 12,536 feet. It’s located in the Chirripo National Park.
30. Does Costa Rica have a lot of mountains?
Costa Rica has quite a few mountains in many of the natural parks of the country.
Some have active volcanoes, and one is the highest point in the country and the fifth highest in Central America.
31. How many islands in Costa Rica?
Costa Rica does have a few islands off its coast with one of the most famous being Tortuga. It offers the chance to see hatching turtles during certain times of the year.
In all, there are 33 islands with many open to public exploration. Here are some of the main islands and island groups in Costa Rica.
Murcielagos / Bat Islands
San Lucas Island
Cocos Island: Located 342 mi (550 km) from Costa Rica mainland. The entire island is a national park, with no permanent inhabitants. Jurassic Park's “Isla Nublar” is modeled after this remote island.
32. What are the top 10 famous places in Costa Rica?
Costa Rica is known for its beautiful views, and the list of famous points reflects that reputation.
Manuel Antonio National Park
Poas Volcano National Park
La Fortuna Waterfall
Monteverde Cloud Forest
Corcovado National Park
Santa Teresa Village
Tortuguero National Park
33. How many national parks in Costa Rica?
There are 28 national parks in total. 3 are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Here are five that are a must see:
Monteverde Cloud Reserve
Tortuguero National Park
Arenal Volcano Park
Manuel Antonio National Park
Ballena Marine National Park
Politics of Costa Rica
34. What type of government does Costa Rica have?
Costa Rica has a presidential, representative democratic republic. It has a stable and independent government with three branches and elected officials. It gained independence in 1821.
35. How stable is the current government?
The government and country are highly stable with peaceful transfers of power. Elections are relatively peaceful, and the area is very safe for tourists and visitors.
36. How many national political parties are in Costa Rica?
There are 9 active national political parties in Costa Rica.
Traditionally, Costa Rica has two dominant political parties with a few fringe parties (like many democratic countries). Recently, more power has funneled into these newer parties leading some to think that the two party system is on its way out.
Business in Costa Rica
37. What is Costa Rica’s largest export?
Costa Rica is an agricultural economy with one of its main exports being bananas. Coffee comes in close. It’s also an exporter of medical equipment.
38. What are Costa Rica’s major exports?
In addition to bananas and coffee, other exports include citrus fruits, sugar, rice, and ornamental plants. The country also has manufacturing exports including microprocessors, construction materials, and medical equipment.
39. What is the minimum wage in Costa Rica?
It increased slightly in 2018 to just over 6,000 Costa Rican colon per month. Minimum wages are calculated based on monthly salary rather than by the hour.
40. Who are Costa Rica’s major trading partners?
Costa Rica’s major trading partners include the United States and surrounding countries.
It also has a healthy relationship with China, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The fertile farmlands attract a lot of foreign investment making it a good option for most countries seeking to import foods unavailable within their borders.
Food in Costa Rica
41. What food is most popular in Costa Rica?
Gallo Pinto is one of the most famous dishes in the country. It’s made with rice and beans and eaten practically everywhere. And this is served with large varieties of chicken, fish, and spices.
42. What kind of food is traditional in Costa Rica?
Traditional foods use a base of rice or beans typically with fresh fruits on the side. Seafood is readily available, as is chicken and poultry, so many of the dishes rely on these ingredients to make a variety of dishes. Here are 8 traditional Costa Rican dishes:
Arroz con Leche
Olla de Carne
43. What can you eat and drink in Costa Rica?
There are plenty of things to try in Costa Rica with many of the dishes heralding back to both indigenous roots and European influence. There’s an abundance of seafood and fresh juices as well.
44. What is Costa Rica's national dish?
Food is hearty and tends to reflect generations of influence from both Europe and local people groups. Gallo Pinto is most everyone’s pick for the national dish of Costa Rica. It’s a mixture of rice and beans and made in nearly every province. It’s a hearty dish served warm and full of flavor. Rondon is made with whatever the cook has available and is a rustic style dish typical to the area.
45. What is a typical dinner in Costa Rica?
Typical dinners include rice or beans with protein sources from chicken or fish. Some straightforward meals may consist of only rice or beans with eggs or chicken.
The dishes use the same inspiration that many countries in the area have with both indigenous and European influence.
46. What is the most popular drink in Costa Rica?
Costa Rican refrescos, or fruit smoothies, are some of the most popular drinks because of the wealth of fresh fruit available.
Guaro is a sugar cane liquor usually served as a shot or sometimes in cocktails. Here's how to drink it like a local. Costa Rica also has local varieties of beer.
47. What do the locals eat for breakfast?
Rice and beans, Gallo Pinto, is a typical breakfast along with eggs. Some just have fresh fruit or fruit smoothies. Coffee is a must, and almost all the breakfast meals and drinks are decidedly unfussy.
48. What food and drink is Costa Rica famous for?
Fresh fruit is so prevalent in Costa Rica that many of their famous drinks use those fruits. Refrescos are some of the most famous beverages in the country. Also, sugar cane liquor is common. Rice and beans with fresh seafood or chicken make up a good portion of the meals. Costa Rican coffee is also a delicacy, with tropical undertones and a wonderful taste.
49. What fruit is Costa Rica famous for?
Costa Rica grows bananas as one of the largest exports, but they don’t stop there. Nearly all the tropical fruits have a home in the country, and it has extensive farmlands and orchards for them. What they’re really famous for is the juice made from this wealth of tropical fruits and coffee.
50. What can you not eat in Costa Rica?
There aren’t any famous food taboos in Costa Rica although they may look at you sideways if you ask for something like McDonald's. Some Catholic restaurants may observe traditional Lenten diets during that time, but you aren’t obligated to.
51. Can I drink the water in Costa Rica?
It’s safe to drink the water for the most part, especially in tourist districts. You’ll want to be more careful in rural and undeveloped parts of the country.
However, bottled water is readily available and recommended especially for long term stays.
You should also consider bringing a water filter. This LifeStraw Go Bottle filters any water you put in it.
Language in Costa Rica
52. What are the official languages in Costa Rica?
Spanish is the official language of the region with diplomatic languages including English as well. However, business and local affairs are conducted in Spanish. The country also has indigenous language protections for local languages.
53. What language are road signs in Costa Rica?
Signs are written in Spanish but use a good many pictures and symbols. If you’re planning to drive in the country, make sure you understand the signs.
Wildlife in Costa Rica
54. What animals live in Costa Rica?
Costa Rica is very diverse and home to 5% of the world's species.
Tapirs are some of the most famous sights along with colorful tropical birds and some larger predator cats. They also have a variety of species of monkey and are home to some of the best turtle viewings in the world. Costa Rica is also home to two potoo bird species: Northern and common potoos. You have to see the potoo to appreciate it. It is also home to the king vulture.
55. What is Costa Rica's national animal?
Costa Rica has two national animals. The national land animal is the white-tailed deer while the national water animal is the manatee. Both of these are peaceful creatures and reflect the gentle spirit of living in Costa Rica.
56. What dangerous animals are in Costa Rica?
There are several species of venomous spider in the area along with the Brazilian Wandering Spider. Bullet ants can deliver an ultra painful bite but aren’t deadly (though they may make you wish they were while dealing with the bite pain).
Other threats include bull sharks in some of the ocean spots and larger predator cats including pumas in the jungles. Alligators and crocodiles remain a threat both on land and in the water, so take precaution wherever you are.
Costa Rica is also home to the white-winged vampire bat, one of only a few venomous mammals.
57. Are there any deadly spiders in Costa Rica?
There are many, many spider species in Costa Rica, most of which are harmless.
Among those is one of the most deadly spiders in the world, the Brazilian Wandering Spider. If left untreated it can cause muscle paralysis and asphyxiation, leading to eventual death especially in children.
The good news is that quick treatment with anti-venom makes this scenario highly unlikely. With an excellent network of hospitals, you’ll find treatments easily. Take the necessary precautions, and you should be perfectly fine.
Plant Life in Costa Rica
58. What is Costa Rica national flower?
The national flower is an orchid known as the Guaria Morada, known for its brilliant purple hues and gorgeous shape. It grows native to the country and puts on excellent shows during its long blooming season (almost year-round).